Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon with the formula C6H5-CH3. Toluene is a colorless solvent that belongs to benzene. The compound was first prepared in 1837 through a distillation of pine oil by the Polish chemi. Nowadays , scientists prepare toluene through the organic distillation of benzene or extracted from natural sources
Uses of toluene.
Toluene has many commercial and industrial applications
it is Chemically added to fuel instead of toxic gasoline and the preparation of a large number of vehicles, including drugs, dyes, detergents, perfumes, explosives, and synthetic resins.
The compound is also engaged in the manufacture of many tinctures and perfumes and is widely used as a precursor to benzene
Health Hazards and Measures
Health regulations in some countries require manufacturers to reduce the amount of toluene that workers breathe in the air
As toluene causes many health hazards:
irritation of the eyes and nose; weakness, exhaustion, euphoria, dizziness, headache; dilated pupils, lacrimation (discharge of tears); anxiety, confusion, muscle fatigue, insomnia; tingling of the skin; dermatitis.
Increased exposure to toluene may cause liver and kidney damage.
people who have inhaled toluene in order to feel drunk die every year because toluene causes severe damage to their brain cells.
Special protective measures to avoid toluene health hazards
The supplier must provide safety data sheets to disclose the presence of toluene. Employers must train the workers and provide information about a product’s potential hazards and how to use it.
- Use water-based material For cleaning and degreasing applications
- the smallest amount of the product that will do the required job.
- Ventilation, wearing respiratory protection are the most important protective measures to reduce the inhalation. wear gloves during hand contact to toluene. Neoprene or nitrile gloves are the most popular.
The average Toluene price is 795.331USD/MT, this price is the lowest price within 6 months. due to the decrease in chemical segment demand.